News from Karen J. Sloat:
January 2018 Labor & Employment Law Updates from the Law Office of Karen J. Sloat www.karensloatlaw.com
Cheers to a happy and prosperous New Year! California is celebrating the new year by uncorking many new laws that affect business owners and their employees. In this alert, we briefly highlight several new laws that affect you or your business, and require immediate action.
· Now that Marijuana is legal in CA, how can I prevent “high” employees on the job?
Although recreational use of marijuana is legal under state law as of 1/1/18, employers can modify their Zero-Tolerance/Drug-Free Workplace Policy to ensure that employees who are impaired on the job – even with recreational use of marijuana – violate company policy.
· Reminder – Minimum Wage Increase.
While most employers are aware of the increase to the minimum wage, employers should also be sure the salaries of their exempt “executive,” “administrative,” and “professional” employees are increased accordingly to be twice the minimum wage. Please refer to the chart below.
Effective Date Minimum wage for Employers with 25 employees or less Exempt minimum salary level for employers with 25 employees or less Minimum wage for Employers with 25+ employees Exempt minimum salary level for employers with 25+ employees
Jan. 1, 2018 $10.50/hour, $420/week $21/hour, $840/week $11/hour, $440/week $22/hour, $880/week
Jan. 1, 2019 $11/hr, $440/wk $22/hr, $880/wk $12/hr, $480/wk $24/hr, $960/wk
Jan. 1, 2020 $12/hr, $480/wk $24/hr, $960/wk $13/hr, $520/wk $26/hr $1,040/wk
Jan. 1, 2021 $13/hr, $520/wk $26/hr $1,040/wk $14/hr, $560/wk $28/hr, $1,120/wk
Jan. 1, 2022 $14/hr, $560/wk $28/hr, $1,120/wk $15/hr, $600/wk $30/hr, $1,200/wk
Jan. 1, 2023 $15/hr, $600/wk $30/hr, $1,200/wk No Change No Change
If your employees are not paid at these rates and/or do not meet the exempt duties tests to be salaried, you must pay overtime rates and provide other benefits required for hourly employees.
· Where are my 2018 Tax forms? You’ll note that the W-4 forms on our Resources page are still dated 2017. The IRS released a statement that Employers should continue to use the existing 2017 forms, withholding tables and
systems while they develop the new 2018 forms that implement the tax reform bill signed by President Trump on December 22, 2017. According to the IRS, these new forms will be available in February. See the December 26, 2017 IRS statement here for more information.
· Employers are Prohibited from Inquiring about an Employment Applicant’s Salary History.
Effective January 1, 2018, employers may not collect information from an employment applicant regarding the applicant’s salary history, compensation, or benefits, unless volunteered by the applicant. In addition, employers must provide the applicant with a pay scale of the prospective position upon reasonable request. One important principle guiding this new law is to ensure equal pay for all genders.
· California Adopts “Ban the Box” Legislation.
Beginning January 1, 2018, employers with 5 or more employees are prohibited from asking an applicant for employment to disclose criminal convictions, until after an initial conditional offer of employment has been made. The new law also requires any employer that intends to deny an applicant a position based solely on their conviction history to make an individualized assessment of whether the applicant’s conviction history has a direct and adverse relationship with the specific duties of the job.
· Transgender Rights in the Workplace/Gender Identity and Expression.
Effective January 1, 2018, employers with 50 or more employees are now required to provide harassment training to supervisors that covers harassment based on gender identity, gender expression, and sexual orientation. Covered employers must also display a poster developed by the Department of Fair Employment and Housing (DFEH) regarding transgender rights and in a prominent and accessible location in the workplace. You can find that poster and other required DFEH posters on our Resources page. Further, a myriad of new regulations adopted in 2017 by the DFEH address issues related to employee gender in the workplace, including requiring employers to permit employees to dress in accordance with their gender identity, use gender neutral employee restrooms, and be addressed by their preferred name and pronoun.
· The Immigrant Worker Protection Act.
Employers may no longer consent to a search of non-public areas of a workplace by immigration enforcement agents without a warrant, or permit an immigration enforcement agent to inspect the employer’s employee records without a subpoena or court order. Employers must also notify employees within 72 hours of receiving a federal notice of an inspection of I-9 forms or other records to be conducted by an immigration agency. Copies of I-9s must also be provided to employees upon request.
· Proof of Sexual Harassment Prevention Training Required for Renewal of Farm Labor Contractor Licenses.
Farm Labor Contractor License renewals must be accompanied with a complete list of employees trained and a list of all materials utilized to provide sexual harassment prevention training, in the calendar year prior to the month the renewal application is submitted. The new bill also requires sexual harassment training to be in a language understood by the employees.
· New Industries Required to Post Human Trafficking Notice.
Hotels, motels, and bed and breakfast businesses or inns are now required to post a revised notice regarding human trafficking and slavery.
· Expansion of Parental Leave Rights.
The California Family Rights Act (CFRA) has been amended to require certain employers with 20-49 employees to provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid parental leave – only for the purpose of bonding with a newborn child, adopted child, or foster child within a year of birth or placement. Employees must be employed for more than 12 months, or have worked 1,250 hours of service with the employer to qualify, and their positions must be held open for this period of protected leave.
· Labor Commissioner Authorized to Pursue Retaliation and Discrimination Uncovered During Wage Claim Investigations.
Labor Commissioners are now authorized to pursue retaliation and discrimination claims, with or without a specific employee complaint, if such conduct is uncovered during a wage claim investigation. Further, Labor Commissioners can obtain injunctive relief from the superior court if there is reasonable cause to believe that the employer retaliated or discriminated against any employee. The bill also authorizes injunctive relief to employees who are bringing a civil action for retaliation or discrimination.
· California Religious Freedom Act/Prohibition of Religious Discrimination.
No state or local agency, or public employee, can now disclose to the federal government personal information about a person’s religious affiliation, beliefs or practices, when the information is sought in order to compile a database of individuals based on religious beliefs, for law enforcement or immigration purposes. State and local agencies are prohibited from assisting in creation of such a database, unless the creation is part of a targeted investigation.
· Direct Contractors may be Liable for Wage Claims of Subcontractors’ Employees.
Beginning January 1, 2018, in private construction projects, any direct contractor who accepts a contract for the erection, construction, alteration, or repair of a building or work must assume liability for any debt owed to a wage claimant that is incurred by a subcontractor, where the claimant performed work for the subject of the contract. Subcontractors are now required to provide information and reports to the contractor regarding employees’ work hours and wages
paid, and the direct contractor is permitted to withhold disputed sums if the subcontractor fails to provide requested information. This new law may obligate subcontractors to prepare certified payroll reports, similar to public works requirements.
· Private Works with Successor Agency Funding are now “Public Works.”
Existing law exempted private projects built on private property from public works regulations, such as payment of prevailing wages, unless the project is pursuant to an agreement with a state or redevelopment agency. New law clarifies that a private residential project built on private property pursuant to an agreement with a successor agency to a redevelopment agency is now a “public work.”
See our Resources page at: www.karensloatlaw.com/resources for new hire forms and other governmental forms and pamphlets conveniently gathered for you to download, use or complete for all employees. Check out our Blog at: www.karensloatlaw.com/blog to stay up-to-date on Labor and Employment law. We offer employers a complimentary review of Employee Handbooks, Personnel Policies and Personnel Forms. Get in touch with us if you have any questions about these new laws, our 2018 Employment Law updates, or anything on our Resources page. We’re happy to help!
Law Office of Karen J. Sloat APC | 74-900 Highway 111, Suite 211, Indian Wells, CA 92210 Phone: 760-779-1313; email: email@example.com
“Caring for Clients While Pursuing Justice”